Albon is a commonly prescribed medication with a variety of uses from the treatment of respiratory infections to intestinal parasites. Veterinarians use Albon because of its effectiveness against bacteria, and dogs like Albon because it has a sweet taste that makes administration easy. As with any other medication, there are limits to its usefulness as well as potential side effects, but Albon's effectiveness has made it a mainstay of the veterinary hospital.
Albon is a sulfonamide drug that is rapidly absorbed and effective even in low doses. It is available in pill form but is most commonly used as a sweet-tasting suspension and is always given orally with or without food. It is effective against a wide range of bacteria, but treatment must begin early in the course of the illness.
Albon is most commonly used to treat intestinal infections cause by coccidia, an intestinal parasite. However, it is also effective against most common bacteria, including streptococci, staphylococci, escherichia and salmonella. This makes it a useful drug in the treatment of many common infections of the stomach, urinary tract and respiratory system.
Dogs taking sulfa drugs commonly excrete sulfa crystals in their urine. This is simply because their bodies do not alter the drug as it passes through, and is not a problem as long as the dog is drinking enough water. Long-term use can cause anemia, bleeding problems, fever, loss of appetite or vomiting and diarrhea, and in rare cases, joint inflammation and kidney damage. If side effects occur, stop giving the medication and contact your vet.
Albon cannot be used in pets that are pregnant, nursing or allergic to sulfa drugs. Pets with bladder stones or kidney or liver disease generally do not do well on Albon, and it may interfere with the action of other medications such as diuretics, methotrexate, antacids and vitamin supplements. Dehydrated pets should be supplemented with fluid therapy if Albon use is necessary.
If your pet cannot take Albon, chances are it cannot take other sulfa drugs either because they all share the same general side effects and contraindications. Other antibiotics may work; most of the bacteria that are sensitive to sulfa drugs are also sensitive to common antibiotics such as amoxicillin and enrofloxacin, and drugs may be combined for a more complete effect. In some cases, a culture of the infected tissue may be necessary to pinpoint the right drug for maximum effectiveness at the lowest dose.